Alternative Energy/Solar Energy – Fighting Rising Electricity Costs with Solar Power

Article by Sam Greyhawk

In our search for new forms of sustainable power many scientists have focused on using the energy of our sun. Photovoltaic cells or solar cells convert one form of energy, sunlight, into another form of energy, electricity. While the creative idea of getting “free” energy from the sun is attractive to most, many consumers have concerns about the initial expense of installing a solar power system. That’s why the key to purchasing the right solar system for you lies in the “Solar Power Payback Time.”

Solar Power Payback Times for Solar for Photovoltaic Technologies

When considering the transition to, or even adding in supplement, solar power, many consumers have concerns over the initial expense. It’s easy to understand that over the long haul solar power will pay for itself, but how do you calculate exactly how long it will take? To calculate your solar power payback time you will need to evaluate several factors that can influence your payback:

Local ClimateState or Federal Incentives/RebatesState Tax CreditsLocal Utility PricingNet-Metering Availability

Solar Power and Rising Electricity Costs

Solar power is a unique resource because it is protected from inflation - as electricity costs inevitably continues to rise, any electricity you generate using your solar system will counter electricity charges at the current market price. The more electricity rates continue to rise, the more you will save.

If you generate excess electricity, under the right conditions such as net-metering, it is even possible for you to generate a monthly profit from your solar system.

Finding State and Federal Incentives or Rebates

Depending upon the state you live in you may qualify for incentives and rebates that cover as much as 60% of the total cost of installing a new solar system. How do you find what incentives and rebates you qualify for? Using the free web-based tool titled Database of State Incentives for Renewable & Efficiency (DSIRE), run by the North Carolina Solar Center, it’s easy to find the incentives and rebates you qualify for. You can find the DSIRE here:

What is Net-Metering?

Net-metering is a system that allow excess user generated solar energy to be sold back to your local electric company. Depending upon how much electricity you generate this may provide you either a monthly discount or a net monthly profit.

What is my Solar Power Payback Time?

As a result of the number of variables involved in calculating a particular solar payback time I recommend using a tool such as the OnGrid Solar Financial Analysis Tool. They offer a free demo version of their tool that can help you calculate your personal solar power payback time. The OnGrid Solar Financial Analysis Tool is available here:

While calculating your solar power payback gives you a financial picture of the total cost of ownership for your new solar system it doesn’t take in to consideration the environmental cost. To gauge the environmental cost of a solar system you need to evaluate its Energy Payback Time.

Energy Payback Times for Solar for Photovoltaic Technologies

According to the US DOE’s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) group the “Energy payback time (EPBT) is the length of deployment required for a photovoltaic system to generate an amount of energy equal to the total energy that went into its production.”

The energy payback time for solar power is based on three determining factors:

The efficiency of the photovoltaic systemThe amount of sunlight the photovoltaic system recievesThe manufacturing technology used to create the photovoltaic cells

Using some average sunlight values, “about 1700 kWh/m2/ yr average for southern Europe and about 1800 kWh/m2/ yr average for the United States,” the EERE provides pre-calculated energy paypack times for a number of solar cell technologies:

Single-crystal Silicon – 2.7 yearsNon-ribbon Multicrystalline Silicon – 2.2 yearsRibbon Multicrystalline Silicon – 1.7 yearsCadmium Telluride – 1.0 years

When one considers rising energy costs and the relatively low energy payback times for a variety of popular solar cells it’s easy to see solar power as a reasonable alternative to rising energy costs. While it’s true solar cells do require large quantities of energy to manufacture, and they also utilize precious limited resources such as silicon, copper and cadmium – in many cases they offer reasonable energy payback times. Even considering the overall environmental cost, solar power may be exactly what the world needs to wean itself off its fossil fuel dependency. Help fight global warming by moving away from fossil fuel generated electricity and moving towards solar power.

About the Author

Sam Greyhawk is an environmental evangelist working with Cool-N-Save(tm). Cool-N-Save(tm) is an energy efficiency add-on for your central air conditioner. The Cool-N-Save(tm) can lower your utility bill by up to 30% by improving air conditioner efficiency.

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How Does Solar Power Really Work? Sunlight Into Electricity

Article by David Feener

Harnessing power from the sun is simply amazing and not as complex as you may think. In this article you will learn how photons from the sun are produced and turned into an electrical current on earth and the benefits of building and owning solar power panels.

How photons are produced Photons are produced by the fusing of atoms in the center of the sun taking up to a million years to reach the surface of the sun, once photons are released they will travel over ninety million miles in less than ten minutes, continually hitting earth giving us the energy needed to produce electricity.

How solar panels work Solar panels produce an electrical current called direct current (DC). Electrical needs in our homes require a current known as alternating current (AC). Direct current must pass through an electronic inverter to produce alternating current to be used in our homes. Solar power panels are made with semi conductor materials made from silicon atoms. These layers of material are used to collect the photons that are being thrown at the earth from the sun. The n-layer of material has extra electrons while the p-layer has missing electrons which will attract free electrons. An electrical field is created between the two layers by the interaction of atoms from both sides. When photons strike an atom in one of the layers it will knock loose an electron which will only pass into the n-layer and not the p-layer resulting in an excess of free electrons in the n-layer. In order to get free electrons into the p-layer a metal strip is connected to the n-layer which allows the free electrons a way out, this circuit leads back to the p-layer allowing the free electrons to be deposited in the p-layer. The electrons on their way to the p-layer can be used to power the appliances in our homes.

How solar power can help Solar power can be used for many different applications, from running the appliances in our homes, heating the water in our swimming pools, running electric power tools in the garage, supplying all the lighting in our homes even domestic hot water and electric heat. One of the best things this free energy gives us is peace of mind and will not hurt the environment or take hard earn money out of your pocket every month. Energy from the sun is virtually maintenance free for twenty to thirty years. It is no longer a product that you can’t afford; in the past a home owner would have to purchase expensive equipment and professional installers at a cost that would take as long as twenty years to recoup your investment. Today we can search the internet for all the materials to build our own solar power panels. There are numerous web sites to teach us where to purchase materials and to design our own panels and install them.

About the Author

David Feener believes in writing articles that matter to home owners who are as interested in helping the environment and saving money as he is with products like solar energy panels and other home made energy systems.To take advantage of free energy go to

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